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Topic: Design and Construction of Layout of Dairy Farm Production Area

Last Post 20 May 20 by DairyMark, 0 replies Sort by:

Author Post

Joined 20/5/20
1 posts
Design and Construction of Layout of Dairy Farm Production Area
Posted 20 May 20
Do you know how to design and construction of layout of dairy farm production area?
There is an article about this issue officially, now let me share with you.

1. Milking hall and dairy room
The milking hall that feeding farms need to use 2 to 3 times a day is the most important part of the whole milk production line. The rotary milking table, which needs a lot of labor, has been gradually eliminated. Now a fixed milking hall is more and more popular, and the automatic intelligent milking hall has been put into use. The simplest milking hall is juxtaposed, which is suitable for a worker responsible for 80 cows production line. Dairy cows can have three heads in one unit or six heads in one unit, entering and leaving the milking hall is one cow at a time, and the speed is adjusted manually. There is a concentrate bin on the roof of the milking hall, and the concentrate in it falls into the feeding trough between cows under the action of gravity. Milking efficiency can reach 30-40 cows per hour.
The fish-bone milking hall is more common at present. Milkers stand in tunnels to adjust to avoid bending. The cows entered the milking hall in batches, arranged on both sides of the tunnel, and stood at an angle with the tunnel. Fish-bone milking is suitable for cattle farms of all sizes. If the field is designed as a 1:1 mode according to needs (e.g. 10 milking units and 10 preparatory units), one worker can easily deal with 100 cows in 2 hours. For 300 or more cows, 2-3 workers can be responsible. The concentrate bin on the roof of the milking hall stores concentrate, and each row has a trough.
Some milking halls have now canceled feeding. The automatic shedding device of the milking cup group is available on the market so that milkers can operate more milkers at the same time without over milking. In any milking hall, the working procedures are cows entering, feeding, cleaning and washing their breasts, testing the milk initially squeezed, putting and removing the milking cups, nipping medicated baths or spraying, transporting milk and driving the cows out of the milking hall. In some dairy farms, milkmen have to bathe their nipples before milking, especially in cases of outbreaks of mastitis.
The dairy room should be close to the milking hall, mainly including vacuum pumps, milk pumps, water heaters, and flushing equipment, in addition to the configuration of bulk milk cans. The capacity of milk cans is very important and should be sufficient to accommodate the maximum possible amount of milk. In addition to the emergency delivery of dairy cows, usually 30-35L for each cow. Milking halls and dairy rooms must be kept strictly clean. Ranches should be regularly inspected by relevant agencies. Engines and refrigeration equipment should be placed in the mechanical room.


2. Breeding sheds
Dairy farms are usually divided into grass-covered playgrounds and open fence sections.
The grass-covered playground is comfortable and clean. In winter, a large amount of hay (about 2.5-3.0t per cow) is laid. However, the use of hay reduces the volume of cow excretion and urine. The design of the open fence is exquisite, which has been accepted by most cattle venues in China and can greatly improve labor efficiency. The main requirement is that space should be large enough to improve comfort. Generally, the total length of the open fence is 2.2 m and the width is 1.2 m. It is suitable for lying on the surface. It can be made of metal or wood. For high-yielding dairy cows, there should be more room of cow pens for them to move.
Now there are many new types of open fence. The open-style fence has a high front and low back, there is a certain degree of slope, generally for the cement floor, above the mattress of sand or hay. The head crossbar should be added so that when the cattle stand, the body moves backward, and the cattle feces are not defecated on the open fence. The width of the aisle is 2.4 m and the aisle adjacent to the feeding trough is wid